Itching in the genitals, or in the professional term PRURITUS VULVAE, is a troublesome phenomenon that disturbs many women and is caused by a variety of causes, such as candida or allergy. At times, itching is quite stubborn and causes women great suffering for years. Therefore, it is important to understand what is causing the symptom and to treat it thoroughly and comprehensively - until the problem is resolved permanently. Combined treatment, which includes medication for local relief, probiotics to restore the balance of flora and adherence to proper nutrition, will in many cases help get rid of the problem.
What are the main causes of itching in the mouth or vagina and how to deal with them
1. Fungal Infection - Candida
About a third of women who go to the doctor because of vaginal itching suffer from candida, a fungus found in the body of us all as part of the natural flora, and usually do no harm. When the immune system is weakened, the delicate gut microbiota of the intestines and candida may proliferate and cause unpleasant symptoms, the most important of which is itching. Other symptoms include secretions for thick, redness and swelling.
One of the major causes of fungal infection is the prolonged use of antibiotics, which also eliminates the "good bacteria" in the body and violates the healthy balance of gut bacteria - which prevents the fungus from multiplying. Other factors that increase your chances of suffering from candida include taking pills, hormonal imbalances, chemotherapy and chronic illnesses, such as diabetes.
Solution: In order to treat Candida and prevent its culture, it is recommended to take probiotics, which in fact cause the opposite action of antibiotics and contribute to the balance of gut bacteria. Possible topical and systemic treatments include antifungal preparations, which bring about a significant improvement that is soon felt. Some also say that a reduced diet of sugars and carbohydrates helps prevent and even address the problem. Lack of treatment leads to worsening of the condition and even becoming chronic.
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Some women have an allergy or sensitivity to tampons, pads, latex condoms, soaps, and synthetic underwear. The allergic sensitivity or reaction may be felt by itching or burning, and swelling and redness may occur in the vulva area. An allergic reaction will usually appear near the use of the same product, for example immediately after inserting the tampon, in which case it should be removed immediately.
Occasionally, women with seasonal allergies will also have an allergic reaction to the vagina - regardless of the use of tampons containing artificial or synthetic undergarments, and regular treatment of allergy symptoms may reduce vaginal itching. In very rare cases, an allergy to the partner's seminal fluid may develop. When suspicion arises, seek medical advice.
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Solution: When suspected of sensitivity or allergy, first of all, it is advisable to stop using the same product that causes the problem and finds substitutes made from natural materials. For example, it is recommended to use only tampons or pads made of cotton and clean of fragrances, and underwear made of cotton only. When it comes to underwear, certain laundry softeners are known to cause allergic effects in the vulva area (regardless of the type of fabric). In this case, the laundry conditioner should be replaced. The drug treatment recommended by most women will usually include antihistamines or steroid preparations, as the case may be.
3. Bacterial source infections
The bacterial infection is a common cause of itching in the mouth. Another typical symptom is an unpleasant odor or grayish discharge. The bacterial infection is linked to the presence of pathogenic microorganisms such as trichomonas, a sexually transmitted parasite or due to infections of the female sex system that include postpartum infections, surgeries, and abortions. In contrast to fungal infection, the bacterial infection is quite contagious and more dangerous: it increases the risk of premature birth and even HIV and cervical cancer.
Many women mistakenly think that itching is due to a fungus, when the true source is bacterial, which is why the problem is handled incorrectly. It is therefore important to approach a women's doctor for a professional diagnosis.
The solution: Most cases of bacterial infection are treated with oral, oral, ointment or candle antibiotics. In addition, it is advisable to incorporate probiotic therapy, which helps by providing good bacteria (probiotic bacteria) as a preventive treatment for women who tend to develop a fungal infection following antibiotics. Also, maintaining proper vaginal hygiene is considered very effective in preventing infections. This can be done by frequent replacement of sanitary napkins and more.
Other but less common possible causes of itching in the mouth are skin diseases such as dermatitis, psoriasis, and sclerosis or skin cancer and invasive vulvar cancer.
Sometimes, several factors are present in parallel and determine the exact cause of the more complex scab. In these cases, the physician will examine the affected area and take surfaces for microbiological examination. In general, it is advisable to be alert to the body, to avoid wearing too tight undergarments or to use unsuitable soaps and materials. In case the problem does not go away shortly, a woman doctor should be approached without delay.