Planning a pregnancy? Think about what you will do a moment after you receive the U.K., that's it, it happened? This is definitely an exciting moment, and we are here to make sure that while you are fantasizing about your beautiful pregnancy and the stunning baby you are about to have (and we, incidentally, are totally in favor!), Do not forget to make sure your iron reservoirs are normal too, so there are probably no anemia Pregnancy is not included in your plans. And rightly so.
From the moment you become pregnant, your body begins to work vigorously on nurturing the new fetus that has just joined its ranks and providing it with everything it needs for normal development. To support the supply of nutrients to the baby, the body produces a significant amount of blood, which is why it needs iron - a mineral that supports red blood cell production. Low iron in pregnancy or iron deficiency in pregnancy can lead to a condition of pregnancy anemia, which is also the reason to recommend consuming an iron supplement from the beginning of pregnancy.
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What Is Pregnant Anemia?
Anemia is a medical condition where there are not enough healthy red blood cells that can carry oxygen to the body's tissues. A condition where the tissues do not get enough oxygen affects many organs and many functions of the body. Many women get low iron or pregnancy iron in the second and third trimester, and when the body needs more iron than the amount it has, anemia can develop. Mild anemia is normal during pregnancy due to the increase in blood volume. However, more severe anemia can cause the fetus to be at higher risk for later anemia in infancy. In addition, a woman who is significantly anemic during the first trimester of pregnancy is at greater risk of premature birth and low birth weight, and recovery from the expected birth can be more difficult.
Symptoms of pregnant anemia do not always develop in the early stages of anemia, but when they do occur they usually include pale skin, fatigue or weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, and difficulty concentrating. It is important to know that these symptoms can also characterize other conditions in pregnancy, so you should contact your doctor and monitor your iron levels.
The diagnosis of pregnancy anemia is done with a simple blood test, which measures the amount of blood hemoglobin and the percentage of red blood cells in the plasma. If the results indicate low levels of hemoglobin and red blood cells, it may be iron deficiency anemia, and your doctor will instruct you on further tests.
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Pregnancy iron deficiency - the leading cause of pregnancy anemia
One of the major changes your body undergoes during pregnancy is the significant jump in blood volume, in fact, your blood volume increases by about 50%. From now on, to produce more red blood cells, which carry the hemoglobin - a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to other cells in the body - your body needs a greater amount of iron. If the body does not receive the amount of iron it needs, a state of iron deficiency will be created, which can cause hemoglobin deficiency and anemia.
There are several causes and risk factors for pregnancy anemia. Your chance of suffering from it increases in the following situations:
- If you are experiencing two pregnancies close together.
- If your pregnancy is multiple.
- If you suffer from severe vomiting as a result of morning sickness.
- If you started your pregnancy with iron deficiency - it turns out that about a third of women in Israel suffer from some iron deficiency in infertility (which is also linked to menstrual bleeding).
- If your diet has been a low-iron diet before pregnancy, such as for vegans or vegetarians who do not maintain an iron-rich diet.
- If you suffer from a chronic gastrointestinal disease that causes iron absorption problems, such as celiac and Crohn's.
Pregnant anemia can develop for several reasons, and there are three main types of it: iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, and folate deficiency anemia.
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Anemia from iron deficiency in pregnancy
It is the most common anemia in pregnancy and the reason for it is the increase in blood volume, which causes a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin responsible for the transfer of oxygen to cells in the body. Since during pregnancy the fetus uses the mother's red blood cells for growth and development, if there is an iron-deficient body, that is, its iron stores are insufficient, the blood can not carry enough oxygen to the tissues throughout the body and can cause anemia.
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Anemia deficiency of folic acid
Folic acid, which is vitamin B9, is also necessary for the production of red blood cells in the mother and is very important for the fetus - for the production of cells, for the production of the hereditary material, the DNA, and for the prevention of birth defects. In women who do not receive the required amount of folic acid during pregnancy, there may be a red blood cell deficiency, which causes a problem with the transfer of oxygen to the tissues and at the end of this process can cause anemia. The sweeping recommendation is to take folic acid in and out of the supplement before pregnancy.
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Anemia deficiency in vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 also plays an important role in the production of red blood cells, so pregnant women who do not get enough B12 may develop pregnancy anemia. Because the best sources of vitamin B12 are animal foods such as milk, eggs, meat, and poultry, a deficiency is more common in vegans and vegetarians. As with folic acid, B12 also plays an important role in the proper development of the fetal nervous system and in the production of DNA. Vitamin B12 deficiency also increases the risk of premature birth.
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Pregnant Anemia: How to Treat?
So let's start with what's best for you and your baby to get pregnant with good iron reservoirs to help prevent pregnancy anemia. Good nutrition before pregnancy not only helps prevent the condition of low iron in pregnancy but also helps in building good repositories of many other essential nutrients.
Don't forget to take an iron supplement
when you are pregnant and you will receive an iron and folic acid recommendation from your doctor. Make sure you do that! The pregnant iron supplement will help you get through the period with a low chance of developing anemia. If you have trouble taking iron because of side effects, there are iron supplements in the powder that are metallic and easily absorbed and prevent side effects. The recommendations for iron during pregnancy are 30 mg daily and folic acid 400 cubic meters per day.
For vegans and vegetarians, you should check with your doctor if they should also take vitamin B12 supplements during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Nutrition: Iron-intensive foods with Vitamin C make
sure to eat three servings a day of iron-rich foods: beef, chicken, turkey, liver, and fish (salmon, cod, tilapia, tuna); Eggs (mainly yolk); Green vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, and turnips; Legumes, especially beans, lentils, and green peas; Nuts and seeds; Whole wheat bread and rolls; And dried fruits.
Phases of Iron-High Foods Vitamin C-rich foods that help the body absorb more iron, such as citrus fruits and juices, strawberries, kiwi, tomatoes, and peppers, and try to consume them together. Dark green vegetables, dried beans, peas, citrus and juices, berries, whole grains, and eggs are also rich in folic acid.
For severe anemia: medical treatment
When it comes to severe anemia, your doctor may decide on an iron transfusion. If you have anemia due to illness, your treating doctor will guide you on how to treat the problem. Occasionally treatment will focus on iron supplements and proper nutrition and will be accompanied by the medical monitoring